Collective Wage Agreement
In 24 U.S. states, employees working in a unionized company may be required to contribute to representation expenses (for example. B in disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues have negotiated a union security clause in their contract with management. Contributions are usually 1 to 2% of salary. However, union members and other employees covered by collective agreements receive on average a wage increase of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or non-covered) colleagues.  Some states, particularly in the southern central and southeastern regions of the United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial, as it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract not to pay their share of the costs of contract negotiations. Regardless of the state, the Supreme Court has ruled that the law prevents a person`s union dues from being used without consent to fund political ends that could be contrary to the individual`s personal policy. Instead, in states where union security clauses are allowed, these dissidents may choose to pay only the share of dues directly intended for workers` representation.  The agreement was adopted with 91.59% of the votes cast in the vote that ended on 24th February 2016. The agreement and rates can be viewed below.
A collective agreement negotiated by a trade union grants you benefits far in excess of the Employment Contracts Act There are provisions that are stipulated in collective agreements and are not governed by legislation. These issues are, for example, travel expenses, vacation pay, additional days of leave (called “pekkasvapaat”) or sickness or maternity benefits. The collective agreement covers you against arbitrary dismissals and dismissals, because the contracts define the rules to be respected in the event of termination, i.e. the so-called termination procedures. In Sweden, the coverage of collective agreements is very high, although there are no legal mechanisms to extend agreements to entire sectors. In 2018, 83% of all private sector employees were covered by collective agreements, 100% of public sector employees and 90% in total (across the labour market).  This reflects the predominance of self-regulation (regulation by the labour market parties themselves) over government regulation in Swedish industrial relations.  A collective agreement applies to your employment relationship if you are a member of the union, your employer is a member of the employer organization, and the union and the employer organization have negotiated a collective agreement. A collective agreement also applies if your employment contract mentions it or if your employer belongs to a sector where collective agreements are generally binding (for example. B cleaning of buildings, security services and others). Ask the Fair Integration Orientation Centre if you are subject to a collective agreement. A collective agreement is an agreement on working conditions such as wages and public holidays between a company and a trade union (“company-specific collective agreement”) or between the employers` organisation of a given sector and the trade union (“sectoral collective agreement”).