Germany Signed Surrender Agreement
Today marks the 75th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany. Evil. Capitulate German troops in Italy: on April 29, the day before Hitler`s death, Lieutenant Colonel Schweinitz and storm leader Wenner, the plenipotentiaries of Colonel Heinrich von Vietinghoff and SS group leader Karl Wolff, signed in Caserte, after long illegal secret negotiations with the Western Allies, considered with great suspicion by the Soviet Union as an attempt at separate peace, a capitulation document.  In the document, on May 2 at 2 p.m., the Germans agreed to a ceasefire and the surrender of all forces under Vietinghoff`s command. As a result, after some fierce clashes between Wolff and Albert Kesselring in the early morning of 2 May, nearly 1,000,000 men in Italy and Austria surrendered unconditionally to British Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander on 2 May at 2 p.m.  German units stop the fire: Although the military commanders of most of the German armed forces have deduced the surrender order from the Supreme Command of the Wehrmacht (OKW), not all commanders have done so. The largest contingent was the Mitte Military Group, under the command of Field Marshal General Ferdinand Schörner, who had been promoted to commander-in-chief of the army on April 30 in Hitler`s will. On 8 May, Schörner left his command and flew to Austria; In the Prague Offensive, the Soviet army sent crushing troops against the center of the military group and forced the German units in the center of the military group to capitulate until May 11. The other forces that did not capitulate on May 8 proved fragmentary: the death of Mussolini: On April 25, 1945, the Italian partisans liberated Milan and Turin. On April 27, 1945, when Allied forces joined Milan, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was captured by Italian partisans. The question is whether he tried to flee Italy for Switzerland (via the Splügen Pass) and whether he was travelling with a German air defense battalion. On 28 April, Mussolini was executed in Giulino (a civil commune in Mezzegra); The other fascists captured with him were taken to Dongo and executed.
The bodies were then transported to Milan and hanged in the city`s Piazzale Lorette. On April 29, Rodolfo Graziani handed over all Italian fascist forces to Caseert. The Ligurian military group was one of them. Graziani was Minister of Defense of Mussolini`s Italian Social Republic. The triumphant Eisenhower handed over to his commander-in-chief, President Truman, the pens with which the capitulation agreement was signed. These pens are housed at the Truman Library and Museum and will be on display at the First Four Months Gallery when the museum reopens this fall and unveils its transformative renovation. Hermann Goering`s surrender: On May 6, the Reichsmarschraum and Hitler`s deputy, Hermann Goering, surrendered to General Carl Spaatz, commander of the U.S. Air Force operational in Europe with his wife and daughter on the German-Austrian border. He was at that time the most senior Nazi official who was still alive. The effect of the Reims signing was limited to consolidating the effective ceasefire between the German armed forces and the Western allies. However, fighting in the east continued unabated, especially as German forces intensified their air and ground strikes against the Prague Uprising, while the evacuation of German troops through the Baltic Sea continued at sea. Dönitz gave new orders to maintain resistance to Soviet forces and took advantage of the 48-hour grace period to redouble efforts to save German military units from Soviet captivity; and it soon became clear that he had authorized the signing of a general capitulation at Reims with evil intentions and that, therefore, neither the Soviet command nor the German forces would accept the capitulation of Reims as the end of hostilities between them.
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