Te Piringa Agreement
Relations and protocols with three ministers and two government agencies operating in our region After the failure of multilateral trade negotiations at the World Trade Organization in Geneva, most countries have attempted to pursue their export interests through regional and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). New Zealand was no exception to the rule by signing a series of free trade agreements with Singapore, China and Malaysia, among others. It also signed a free trade agreement with ASEAN countries with Australia, as the two nations also improved their closer economic relations. These free trade agreements cover several chapters ranging from trade in goods and services to investment, competition and intellectual property. Each of these free trade agreements has different effects on the national governance of NCBs because they contain different areas of application and rules. For example, the investment chapters of the Free Trade Agreements between Singapore and Malaysia commit to “allowing” investment applications, while the free trade agreement with China NZ covers, in its domestic treatment, only activities resulting from investments after the approval of the Overseas Investment Office. These agreements are, to a large extent, negotiated and signed behind closed doors by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and Parliament has no essential role to play in ratification. At best, Parliament will be invited to a symbolic vote, as was the case in the Singapore agreement. At the same time, 21st century free trade agreements are increasingly turning to “regulatory coherence” – a term that has much broader regulatory implications than “trade” in the traditional sense. Although, in most cases, the FREI free trade agreements with the NZ Free Trade ACCORDS contain some sort of exception to the Long-Distance Water Treaty, the effect of the free trade agreement goes beyond the exceptions and narrow reductions in various sectors, ranging from natural resources and audiovisual services to geographical indications. In addition, New Zealand is at the heart of the development of the largest free trade agreement under negotiation – the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement.
The TPPA, if successful, will include a number of ASEAN countries, as well as Australia, Chile and Peru, and in particular the United States. It is extremely relevant and time to examine the current free trade agreements with the NZ Free Trade Agreements in light of the scant information provided in the TPPA negotiations and, in particular, their impact on the regulatory autonomy of the NCB. Students are responsible for focusing on some of the most important sectors and, in particular, the impact of free trade agreements on the treaty is the subject of critical analysis. Local Reserve Lands – Maunganamu, Te Iringa Pouraka (Stump Bay), Te Kowhai (Trout Hatcheries) This principle of justice is particularly suited to the situation that exists today in New Zealand. A fiduciary relationship is found when a party is able to use its discretion in a way that can have damaging consequences for the more vulnerable party.  Maori are now more vulnerable than ever to the legislative power of the Crown in Parliament and to the possible abuse of that discretion.